Corrections and Community Supervision, Department of

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Agency Web Site: http://www.doccs.ny.gov/Link to External Website

Mission

The Department of Corrections and Community Supervision (DOCCS) is responsible for providing services that incarcerated individuals need in safe and secure facilities, preparing incarcerated individuals for release, and ensuring they receive appropriate monitoring and support while under community supervision. The goal of the Department is to enhance public safety by ensuring the successful completion of an incarcerated individual’s sentence to lower the risk of reoffending.

Organization and Staffing

The Department of Corrections and Community Supervision operates 52 correctional facilities across the State. Each facility is managed by a Superintendent, who reports to the Commissioner. More than 66 percent of the Department's staff are security personnel with the remaining staff primarily dedicated to the delivery of incarcerated programs, health services, community supervision, and facility operations.

The Parole Board operates as an independent body housed within DOCCS. The members of the Board are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate. One member is designated by the Governor to serve as the Board's Chair. Board members review the cases of incarcerated individuals eligible for parole and determine if the incarcerated individual should be released to parole supervision.

Budget Highlights

The FY 2022 Executive Budget recommends All Funds appropriations of $3.38 billion for the Department, a decrease of $8.3 million from FY 2021. This includes a State Operations reduction of $30 million as a result of rightsizing the Department by eliminating excess capacity in the system. These reductions are offset by an increase of $10 million in COVID-related costs and $12 million in capital. The Executive Budget recommends a workforce of 26,847, a decrease of 800 FTEs from FY 2021.

The FY 2022 Executive Budget extends the provision which allows the State to close correctional facilities with 90-day notice. This allows the State to act expeditiously to ensure effective and efficient operation of the correctional system.

Program Highlights

Correctional Services

The Department of Corrections and Community Supervision’s (DOCCS) incarcerated population continues to decline and is currently at approximately 35,000 incarcerated, down from a high over 72,000 in 1999. Since last year, the State incarcerated population has decreased by 9,338, or 21%. This decline can be largely attributed to the dramatic drop in the State’s crime rate over the last decade, and the administrative COVID-19 response actions taken by DOCCS to release low level technical parole violators from DOCCS custody.

As soon as an incarcerate individual enters prison, an assessment is conducted to determine the need for rehabilitative programs. The Department offers a variety of programs designed to improve the prospects of an incarcerated individual’s successful re-entry into the community. These include educational programming, with the minimum goal of assisting incarcerate individuals who do not have high school diplomas to receive New York State High School Equivalency Diplomas; apprenticeships; substance abuse treatment services; anger management therapy; and sex offender treatment programs.

Meeting the critical need of providing appropriate levels of medical services is important to the safety of the prison system and to the general public when an incarcerated individual is released. The Department acts quickly to diagnose and begin treatment, if necessary, when an incarcerated individual enters prison, and provides the greatest degree of services possible to seek a cure. The Department also offers mental health services at several facilities and operates state-of-the-art Residential Mental Health Units to treat incarcerated individuals with serious mental illness and disciplinary sanctions.

Community Supervision

The focus of the Community Supervision Program is to provide for the successful reentry of incarcerated individuals into the community and to supervise parolees released from prison. Immediately upon being released from prison, parolees are assigned to a Parole Officer. Parole Officers supervise parolees by monitoring behavior, reviewing employment, referring to appropriate treatment programs, evaluating treatment progress, and administering drug tests. In addition to closely monitoring offenders in the community, the Department helps parolees avoid reverting to a life of crime by contracting for various services to support their return to society, such as supportive housing and employment training.

ALL FUNDS
APPROPRIATIONS
(dollars)
Category Available
FY 2021
Appropriations
Recommended
FY 2022
Change From
FY 2021
Reappropriations
Recommended
FY 2022
State Operations 2,935,248,000 2,909,937,000 (25,311,000) 162,579,000
Aid To Localities 29,493,000 34,493,000 5,000,000 88,605,000
Capital Projects 425,000,000 437,000,000 12,000,000 845,374,000
Total 3,389,741,000 3,381,430,000 (8,311,000) 1,096,558,000

ALL FUND TYPES
PROJECTED LEVELS OF EMPLOYMENT BY PROGRAM
FILLED ANNUAL SALARIED POSITIONS
Program FY 2021
Estimated FTEs
03/31/21
FY 2022
Estimated FTEs
03/31/22
FTE Change
Administration
General Fund 158 158 0
Special Revenue Funds - Federal 646 646 0
Enterprise Funds 7 7 0
Community Supervision
General Fund 1,335 1,335 0
Correctional Industries
Enterprise Funds 3 3 0
Internal Service Funds 280 280 0
Facilities Planning and Development
Capital Projects Funds - Other 1,009 1,009 0
Health Services
General Fund 1,594 1,544 (50)
Parole Board
General Fund 74 74 0
Program Services
General Fund 2,795 2,745 (50)
Supervision of Inmates
General Fund 18,204 17,554 (650)
Support Services
General Fund 1,538 1,488 (50)
Special Revenue Funds - Other 4 4 0
Total 27,647 26,847 (800)

STATE OPERATIONS
ALL FUNDS FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS BY FUND TYPE
APPROPRIATIONS
(dollars)
Fund Type Available
FY 2021
Recommended
FY 2022
Change
Enterprise Funds 53,443,000 58,443,000 5,000,000
General Fund 2,732,555,000 2,702,244,000 (30,311,000)
Internal Service Funds 74,895,000 74,895,000 0
Special Revenue Funds - Federal 40,500,000 40,500,000 0
Special Revenue Funds - Other 33,855,000 33,855,000 0
Total 2,935,248,000 2,909,937,000 (25,311,000)

STATE OPERATIONS
ALL FUNDS FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS BY PROGRAM
APPROPRIATIONS
(dollars)
Program Available
FY 2021
Recommended
FY 2022
Change
Administration
Enterprise Funds 2,701,000 2,701,000 0
General Fund 13,564,000 13,564,000 0
Special Revenue Funds - Federal 40,500,000 40,500,000 0
Special Revenue Funds - Other 25,700,000 25,700,000 0
Community Supervision
General Fund 134,614,000 134,614,000 0
Special Revenue Funds - Other 1,425,000 1,425,000 0
Correctional Industries
Enterprise Funds 742,000 742,000 0
Internal Service Funds 74,895,000 74,895,000 0
Health Services
General Fund 396,500,000 394,260,000 (2,240,000)
Parole Board
General Fund 7,100,000 7,100,000 0
Program Services
Enterprise Funds 50,000,000 55,000,000 5,000,000
General Fund 222,675,000 219,505,000 (3,170,000)
Special Revenue Funds - Other 3,000,000 3,000,000 0
Supervision of Inmates
General Fund 1,611,993,000 1,592,291,000 (19,702,000)
Support Services
General Fund 346,109,000 340,910,000 (5,199,000)
Special Revenue Funds - Other 3,730,000 3,730,000 0
Total 2,935,248,000 2,909,937,000 (25,311,000)

STATE OPERATIONS - GENERAL FUND
SUMMARY OF PERSONAL SERVICE APPROPRIATIONS AND CHANGES
FY 2022 RECOMMENDED
(dollars)
Program Total Personal Service Regular
(Annual Salaried)
Amount Change Amount Change
Administration 11,881,000 0 11,779,000 0
Community Supervision 109,339,000 0 101,939,000 0
Health Services 142,246,000 (867,000) 124,793,000 (867,000)
Parole Board 6,567,000 0 6,507,000 0
Program Services 191,550,000 (3,028,000) 185,796,000 (3,028,000)
Supervision of Inmates 1,572,492,000 (19,644,000) 1,332,847,000 (19,644,000)
Support Services 99,464,000 (3,878,000) 93,267,000 (3,878,000)
Total 2,133,539,000 (27,417,000) 1,856,928,000 (27,417,000)
STATE OPERATIONS - GENERAL FUND
SUMMARY OF PERSONAL SERVICE APPROPRIATIONS AND CHANGES
FY 2022 RECOMMENDED CONTINUED
(dollars)
Program Temporary Service
(Nonannual Salaried)
Holiday/Overtime Pay
Amount Change Amount Change
Administration 0 0 102,000 0
Community Supervision 0 0 7,400,000 0
Health Services 7,053,000 0 10,400,000 0
Parole Board 0 0 60,000 0
Program Services 4,413,000 0 1,341,000 0
Supervision of Inmates 13,890,000 0 225,755,000 0
Support Services 0 0 6,197,000 0
Total 25,356,000 0 251,255,000 0

STATE OPERATIONS - GENERAL FUND
SUMMARY OF NONPERSONAL SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE UNDISTRIBUTED
APPROPRIATIONS AND CHANGES
FY 2022 RECOMMENDED
(dollars)
Program Total Supplies and Materials
Amount Change Amount Change
Administration 1,683,000 0 338,000 0
Community Supervision 25,275,000 0 1,600,000 0
Health Services 252,014,000 (1,373,000) 122,011,000 (665,000)
Parole Board 533,000 0 43,000 0
Program Services 27,955,000 (142,000) 6,109,000 (31,000)
Supervision of Inmates 19,799,000 (58,000) 10,212,000 (30,000)
Support Services 241,446,000 (1,321,000) 175,184,000 (959,000)
Total 568,705,000 (2,894,000) 315,497,000 (1,685,000)
STATE OPERATIONS - GENERAL FUND
SUMMARY OF NONPERSONAL SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE UNDISTRIBUTED
APPROPRIATIONS AND CHANGES
FY 2022 RECOMMENDED CONTINUED
(dollars)
Program Travel Contractual Services
Amount Change Amount Change
Administration 214,000 0 1,018,000 0
Community Supervision 2,258,000 0 20,812,000 0
Health Services 270,000 (1,000) 124,896,000 (682,000)
Parole Board 390,000 0 87,000 0
Program Services 366,000 (2,000) 20,734,000 (105,000)
Supervision of Inmates 2,393,000 (7,000) 5,404,000 (16,000)
Support Services 2,039,000 (11,000) 52,213,000 (285,000)
Total 7,930,000 (21,000) 225,164,000 (1,088,000)
STATE OPERATIONS - GENERAL FUND
SUMMARY OF NONPERSONAL SERVICE AND MAINTENANCE UNDISTRIBUTED
APPROPRIATIONS AND CHANGES
FY 2022 RECOMMENDED CONTINUED
(dollars)
Program Equipment General State Charges
Amount Change Amount Change
Administration 113,000 0 0 0
Community Supervision 605,000 0 0 0
Health Services 4,837,000 (25,000) 0 0
Parole Board 3,000 0 10,000 0
Program Services 746,000 (4,000) 0 0
Supervision of Inmates 1,790,000 (5,000) 0 0
Support Services 11,911,000 (65,000) 99,000 (1,000)
Total 20,005,000 (99,000) 109,000 (1,000)

STATE OPERATIONS - OTHER THAN GENERAL FUND
SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATIONS AND CHANGES
FY 2022 RECOMMENDED
(dollars)
Program Total Personal Service
Amount Change Amount Change
Administration 68,901,000 0 49,900,000 0
Community Supervision 1,425,000 0 0 0
Correctional Industries 75,637,000 0 25,563,000 0
Program Services 58,000,000 5,000,000 0 0
Support Services 3,730,000 0 214,000 0
Total 207,693,000 5,000,000 75,677,000 0
STATE OPERATIONS - OTHER THAN GENERAL FUND
SUMMARY OF APPROPRIATIONS AND CHANGES
FY 2022 RECOMMENDED CONTINUED
(dollars)
Program Nonpersonal Service
Amount Change
Administration 19,001,000 0
Community Supervision 1,425,000 0
Correctional Industries 50,074,000 0
Program Services 58,000,000 5,000,000
Support Services 3,516,000 0
Total 132,016,000 5,000,000

AID TO LOCALITIES
ALL FUNDS FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS BY FUND TYPE
APPROPRIATIONS
(dollars)
Fund Type Available
FY 2021
Recommended
FY 2022
Change
General Fund 20,493,000 25,493,000 5,000,000
Internal Service Funds 9,000,000 9,000,000 0
Total 29,493,000 34,493,000 5,000,000

AID TO LOCALITIES
ALL FUNDS FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS BY PROGRAM
APPROPRIATIONS
(dollars)
Program Available
FY 2021
Recommended
FY 2022
Change
Community Supervision
General Fund 5,613,000 5,613,000 0
Internal Service Funds 9,000,000 9,000,000 0
Health Services
General Fund 14,000,000 14,000,000 0
Program Services
General Fund 680,000 680,000 0
Support Services
General Fund 200,000 5,200,000 5,000,000
Total 29,493,000 34,493,000 5,000,000

CAPITAL PROJECTS
ALL FUNDS FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS BY PROGRAM
APPROPRIATIONS
(dollars)
Comprehensive Construction Program Available
FY 2021
Recommended
FY 2022
Change Reappropriations
FY 2022
Facilities Maintenance and Operations
Correctional Facilities Capital Improvement Fund 93,000,000 105,000,000 12,000,000 49,673,000
Maintenance and Improvement of Existing Facilities
Correctional Facilities Capital Improvement Fund 332,000,000 332,000,000 0 795,701,000
Total 425,000,000 437,000,000 12,000,000 845,374,000

Note: Most recent estimates as of 01/19/2021

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